If maintained properly, curly hair can be beautiful and charismatic. However, dryness and lack of moisture can easily make your curls brittle and frizzy. A hair straightener is the ultimate product for those who want to get rid of dry and frizzy curls. Hair straighteners can completely transform your lifeless curls to sleek and straight locks.
Types of Hair Straighteners
Hair irons, or flat irons usually come in three types - curling irons, straightening irons, and crimping irons. Curling irons are used for creating waves and curls, while straightening irons are used for exactly the opposite reason. Crimping irons on the other hand, are used for creating crimps.
The flat irons used for removing curls rely on the application of heat. For straightening a portion of hair, it has to be placed between the two iron plates before applying heat. The application of heat breaks down the hydrogen bonds of hair that create the curls. However, these hydrogen bonds can form again, once your hair comes in contact with water or moisture.
The plates of a flat iron are usually made of aluminum with a ceramic coating. Ceramic flat irons are good hair straightening products. They use ceramic ions along with infrared technology to straighten hair. They are ideal for moderate to extremely curly hair. However, they cannot provide a permanent and long-lasting solution, as the curls return after a wash.
The excessive use of these hair styling products can cause hair damage, mainly due to the application of heat. The cheaper flat irons are more likely to damage your hair, as the poor quality coating applied on the aluminum plates easily wears off. As a result, such irons can cause extensive mechanical damage, like hair breakage and thinning.
Chemical Hair Straighteners
Chemical hair straighteners basically use chemicals like sodium hydroxide and guanidine hydroxide to straighten curly hair. These chemicals can break the curls easily and very quickly. You just have to apply them on your hair and comb gently. The main advantage of chemical hair straighteners is that the process is simple and less time-consuming, as compared to their counterparts. This makes them good straighteners for curly hair. However, the main disadvantage is that some chemicals used in the process can cause dryness of the scalp and the skin, and eye and skin irritation. Therefore, it is important to maintain precaution while using them.
Thermal reconditioning is a new technology that relies on the application of heat to straighten hair. It provides a long-lasting solution to the problem of curly hair. In thermal reconditioning, a cornstarch chemical is applied on the hair, after which an iron straightener is used to apply heat on the hair strands. The result of thermal reconditioning can last up to 6 months. But a single session may take several hours.
Though hair straightening products can help you get the desired look, their indiscriminate use can cause extensive damage to your hair over a period of time. For example, the excessive use of heat may result in thinning of the hair shaft, which can makes it brittle and more prone to breakage. Hair splits may also be frequent due to overheating of the hair strands. Therefore, moderation is required while straightening your hair. Proper hair care is also important to repair the damage caused by hair straighteners.